Tony Merna is currently Director of Marketing and Development at J F Donelon, a civil engineering and tunnel construction company based in Manchester, UK. After his first professional experience in the United Kingdom and Africa, where he built roads, he worked for many years in the Middle East, mainly at Ames Crosta Babcock, where he built water treatment facilities under turnkey contracts and at Valtos Consultants. He returned to university life at the University of Sheffield and conducted personal research on the use of turnkey contracts adopted in the water treatment industry, particularly in the Uk and the Middle East. The turnkey contract has been accepted for major construction projects for many multidisciplinary projects in the UK and around the world. This paper focuses on the adequacy of turnkey contracts for multidisciplinary projects and examines the form of the turnkey contract, the documentation of contracts and the associated style of project management. The term turnkey is also often used in the technology sector, most often to describe prefabricated computer “packages” in which everything is needed for a particular type of task (for example. B audio edition) is compiled and sold in packages by the supplier. [Citation required] It is often a computer with pre-installed software, different types of hardware and accessories. These packages are commonly referred to as appliances.
A website with a prefabricated solution and certain configurations is called turnkey website. 1- In the CBE, an employer will make a contractor available to a basic engineering contractor and the contractor carries out a detailed construction on the basis of the basic project received. 2- In Turnkey, the employer will provide only certain technical specifications for the project and it is the contractor`s responsibility to prepare the basic and detailed planning of the project. 3- In turnkey, the contractor is responsible for the construction and commissioning, commissioning and resumption of the facility to the employer, but in EPC it may be the responsibility of other third parties to carry out the commissioning and commissioning. A turnkey computer system is a complete computer with hardware, operating system and applications specially designed and sold for certain commercial requirements. The key-in-hand term is more or less synonymous with “design and construction,” “package contact” and “design contractors.” These are the most popular types of contract management system in the large construction industry. A turnkey project or contract, as described by Duncan Wallace (1984), is: In real estate is defined turnkey as a home or property ready to be occupied for the intended purpose, i.e. a fully functional home that does not need to be modernized or repaired (move-in-ready). In the commercial field, a building designed for car repair would be defined as turnkey if it were fully equipped with all the machinery and tools necessary for this specific trade. [Citation required] The turnkey process includes all stages to open a site, including site selection, negotiations, land use planning, work coordination and complete installation.