Why Did The Potsdam Agreement Happen

Little real progress was made in Potsdam, other than an agreement to put into practice the commitments made in Worta. The agreement, which was implemented in the form of a communiqué, was not an international treaty, although it created a fait accompli. It was replaced by the Treaty on the Final Settlement of Germany signed on 12 September 1990. The Potsdam Agreement was the August 1945 agreement between three of the World War II Allies, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. It concerned the military occupation and reconstruction of Germany, its borders and the entire European theatre of war. It also dealt with the demilitarization of Germany, reparations and the prosecution of war criminals. In the end, Potsdam marked a turning point in international history. The German Reich was in ruins and the Allied coalition had begun to decide how to proceed. Although other major events took place at the same time. During the negotiations, Winston Churchill was replaced by Labour leader Clement Attlee, who won the country`s first post-war election.

And Truman, who had shot Franklin D. Roosevelt after his death in April and was inexperienced in foreign policy, ordered the dropping of the first atomic bomb. Foreign ministers from the three governments – James F. Byrnes, V.M. Molotov and Anthony Eden and Ernest Bevin – as well as other advisers also attended the conference. Nine meetings were held from 17 to 25 July. After that, the conference was suspended for two days when the results of the British general election were announced. On the 28th. In July, Clement Attlee defeated Winston Churchill and replaced him as British representative, with the new British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin replacing Anthony Eden. This was followed by four days of additional discussions.

During the conference, there were meetings of the three Heads of Government with their Foreign Ministers, as well as only meetings of the Foreign Ministers. The committees also met daily, which were appointed by them to discuss issues in advance of the conference. Important decisions and agreements were made and opinions were exchanged on a variety of other issues. However, consideration of these issues was continued by the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs, which was subsequently established by the Conference. The conference ended with a stronger relationship between the three governments through their cooperation. This renewed confidence in the fact that they will ensure, together with the other United Nations, the creation of a just and lasting peace. [6] [7] Despite many differences of opinion, the British delegation, Stalin and Truman managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. It was decided that Germany should be occupied by the Americans, the British, the French and the Soviets.

It would also be demilitarized and disarmed. German industry used for military purposes was to be dismantled and the educational and judicial system of the defeated country cleansed of Nazi influence. National Socialist racial laws and other laws were to be repealed and war criminals brought to justice and punished. German society was to be democratically reshaped, but the country`s reconstitution as a sovereign state was postponed indefinitely. Meanwhile, Germany was to be led by a control commission allied with the four occupying powers. Truman was much more suspicious of the Soviets than Roosevelt and was increasingly suspicious of Stalin`s intentions. [11] Truman and his advisers saw Soviet action in Eastern Europe as aggressive expansionism incompatible with the agreements to which Stalin had committed himself in Kanta in February. Moreover, Truman became aware of possible complications elsewhere when Stalin rejected Churchill`s proposal for an allied withdrawal from Iran earlier than expected at the Tehran conference.

The Potsdam Conference was the only time Truman met Stalin in person. [13] [14] The main objective of the Potsdam Conference was to conclude a post-war settlement and put into practice everything agreed at Kanta. .